GIS: Geographic Information System

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a tool that combines and presents site specific information in a graphic manner allowing you to create hard copy or electronic maps and reports. A Geographic Information System integrates hardware, software, and data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information. GISThis information System can be applied to resource management, land stewardship, land use planning and infrastructure inventorying to name a few applications. GIS might be used to identify parcels of land suitable for commercial development or allow volunteer firefighters to formulate a fire containment strategy for a stubborn wildland fire.

Rather than you working hard to understand your data, GIS puts your data to work for you. GIS can provide you with powerful information—not just how things are, but how they will be in the future based on changes you apply. The GIS allows for users to create interactive queries (user created searches), analyze spatial information, edit data, maps, and present the results of all these operations.

A link that you may find useful is www.ESRI.com.

Since 2002, Brooks and Brooks has been working in the development and use of GIS for the private sector. Our involvement has included, conversion of hard copy data to digital data, GPS collection of attributes, database development, base and final mapping, publishing, and maintenance of the GIS. In addition we have help ed clients through the needs assessment and cost benefit analysis. We are willing to listen and spend time working with you to solve problems, build solutions, and make you successful.

Surveying Services

Brooks and Brooks is committed to innovative land surveying technology and is proud to be an elite land surveying firm offering the latest in land surveying solutions. Staying current with the advances in technology allows us to increase our productivity and holding down your costs. We offer the following types of surveys:

Boundary Survey:

a survey to establish the boundaries of a parcel using its legal description contained in a deed. This involves record and field research, field measurements, and computer computations to establish boundary lines in conformance with the accepted rules of law. A map is then drafted from the field data to provide a representation of the parcel surveyed. The property corners and boundary lines are typically monumented so the client can relate the survey map to the ground.

ALTA/ACSM Survey:

a surveying standard jointly proposed by the American Land Title Association and the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping that incorporates elements of the boundary survey, mortgage survey, and topographic survey. ALTA/ACSM surveys, frequently shortened to ALTA surveys, are usually required for commercial real estate transactions. For more information see the article Protecting Your Commercial Property Investment Before Signing on the Dotted Line.

Topographic Survey:

A survey locating topographic features, natural and man made - such as buildings, improvements, fences, elevations, trees, streams, elevation contours of the land. This type of survey may be required by a governmental agency, or may be used by engineers and/or architects for design of improvements or development on a parcel of land. Depending on the size and ground cover of the subject parcel this survey may be done conventional survey methods or by aerial photography related to a ground control network.

Subdivision Survey Site Planning Survey:

A combination of boundary and topographic surveys for preparation to be used for designing improvements or development in conformance with local zoning and subdivision ordinances.

As-Built Survey:

a survey conducted several times during a construction project to verify, for local building Inspectors and/or Lending Institutions that the work authorized was completed to the specifications set forth on the subdivision or site plan map. This usually entails a complete survey of the site to confirm that the structures, utilities, and roadways proposed were built in the proper locations authorized in the local municipality. As-builts are usually done 2-3 times during the building of a house; once after the foundation has been poured; once after the walls are put up; and at the completion of construction.

Construction Surveying:

the process of establishing and marking the position and detailed layout of new structures such as roads or buildings for subsequent construction.

Engineering Surveys:

those surveys associated with the engineering design (topographic, layout and as-built) often requiring geodetic computations beyond normal civil engineering practice.

Global Positioning Surveys (GPS):

GPS Surveys use portable receiving antennas to gather data transmitted from satellites which are used to calculate the position of the object being located on the surface of the earth. The receiving antennas can be miles apart and still obtain very accurate data. This is being used to establish coordinate control points for State Plan Coordinate Systems, large boundary surveys, and subdivision surveys. It can also be used to collect data for Geographic Information Systems / Land Information Systems (GIS/LIS), such as the location of streets: homes, businesses, electric, phone & gas utilities: water & sewer systems; property lines soil & vegetation types; water courses; etc. This data can be used in future planning, preservation and development. The use of this technology is limited to areas that have a clear line of sight to the sky. The satellite signal will not penetrate, or be greatly distorted by forest canopy or buildings. There are three general grades of GPS units: recreational grade, mapping grade and survey grade, all of which are used by Brooks and Brooks. Each grade will produce a product for its intended purpose, it is import to note that a recreational grade hand held unit can not produce survey grade or mapping grade coordinates.

FEMA Elevation Survey:

An Elevation Certificate is typically required by an Insurance Company that issues flood insurance. When a property is determined to be in a FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Association) or NFIP (National Flood Insurance Program) Flood Zone, it is necessary to determine if the finished floor of the structure is above the flood zone.

Special Purpose Surveys:

We have a long history of providing special use surveys including, wetland delineation and mapping, FCC antenna orientation, accident scene conditions, Ground Control Surveys for Aerial Mapping, and trees.

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